By Gijs de Swarte
Green, greener, greenest seem to be the marketing communication credo these days. Not to mention ‘inclusive,’ ‘transparent,’ and in general, ‘social.’ What’s behind all that?
‘The younger consumer is behind it. Thanks in part to social media, a generation has grown up with melting glaciers and drowning polar bears, and now they’re voting with their wallets. That’s what we’ve seen happening over the last ten years.’
‘The advertiser-consumer relationship is different in several aspects now. The previous period in which this played a significant role was in the 1980s. For example, you might see a company that advertised biodegradable garbage bags that were actually only degradable when exposed to sunlight. These would not do any good in the landfill. This sort of thing produced skeptical and jaded consumers, which is why the movement ran aground at the time. You don’t see that kind of half-lie that much anymore.’
‘Social responsibility is more top of mind than ever before. For example, young people also find it very important that their employer shares their values. And it is much more proactive now. Brands with the good values are sought out, recommended, and rewarded with followers.’
You’d get the impression that there is a real revolution going on.
‘Well… we look at the development in every possible way, and you also see that Millennials and the Gen Z group do talk the talk but walk the walk with less conviction. There is a discrepancy between what comes out of a survey, what people say they are for and against, and the decisions they make standing at the shelf. It turns out that somewhat more expensive brand with the ethical supply chain will not always be chosen.’
How should advertisers and agencies deal with this?
‘Be consistent in your behavior and your story. That’s key. And go a step further. For example, in the egg market, you have organic, free-range, cage-free, vegetarian-fed, natural even, you name it. Define those concepts and then communicate them repeatedly. Research shows that consumers very much like to have more information. And yes, it’s advertising; it has to be short and powerful – so use visuals. Nothing new about that, but it’s extremely effective.’
What about consequences for brands that do not go along with this movement?
‘A lot of extra attention is paid, especially to advertisers who are not consistent. Of course, there are companies that consist of multiple industries, some of the green and others not which is perceived as very hypocritical and has negative implications.’
Professor Lucy Atkinson teaches Sustainability Communication at the University of Texas, the highest-ranked institute with a specific advertising program in the USA. With her extensive research into green marketing, she has developed a worldwide reputation as one of the leading specialists in the field.
‘My guess is yes. It is important for the younger generations so it will last for a while. It also delivers profit, and it bolsters your brand equity. Those are strong arguments.’
‘People are messy, and no one is perfect. If you set the bar too high, clients and consumers will lose interest. Change incrementally. Small steps are precious too, as long as you don’t lose sight of your goals.’
‘Following the news about climate change can be depressing and paralyzing. But I always leave meetings with students energized and optimistic. They are passionate, motivated, and smart across the board. I believe they will make a difference.’